• Divya Dhomne

All you need to know about Nitrile Gloves

Updated: Aug 5, 2020

Whether you work in the health industry, restaurants, or any other industry, disposable gloves are necessary. But because they’re one-time use, wearers don’t care much about the glove’s composition.

What is Nitrile?

Nitrile has become the material of choice for single-use gloves. The main reason is that unlike latex, which is natural rubber, nitrile is synthetic and does not cause any allergic reactions. It is a form of synthetic rubber which is unusually resistant to oil, fuel, and other chemicals.

Medical vs Industrial-Grade Disposable Gloves

Choosing the right disposable nitrile glove depends on your needs.

The two main categories of nitrile gloves are industrial and medical grade. 

Industrial Grade

Industrial-grade nitrile gloves are suitable for handling harsh chemicals and solvents. For example:

  • Automotive

  • Janitorial

  • Food Services

Along with chemical resistance, these gloves are also highly puncture-resistant. Industries like food services have specific requirements for gloves, they are not as strict as medical-grade gloves.

Medical Grade

Medical gloves are used in areas where there’s a risk of contact with blood-borne pathogens or environmental contaminants. They are used in:

  • Hospitals

  • Laboratories

  • Cleanrooms

  • Dental Offices

Since the risks are high, medical-grade gloves are rigorously tested and have to meet FDA guidelines. Here is the complete document click here.

Nitrile is a petroleum by-product produced in a lab. It is used in the automotive and aeronautical industry to make fuel and oil handling hoses, seals, grommets, and self-sealing fuel tanks since ordinary rubbers cannot be used.

Glove Color Coding

Hazard analysis and critical control points (HACCP), is a systematic preventative approach to food safety. This is one of the best methods to eliminate food contamination. HACCP avoids hazards at earlier stages rather than inspecting finished products. They do this by colour coding gloves. It is helpful if you’re concerned with pathogens, allergens and other foreign contaminants with your operations.

If workers don’t change gloves between tasks, there is a risk of transferring microorganisms. For example, if a worker is handling raw meat and then works with cooked meat, harmful bacteria can be transferred to the finished product.

Different colours must be assigned to each step in the process. For example:

  • Green for facilities and processing lines that handle processed or cooked meats.

  • Red for those handling raw meat.

  • Blue for those in poultry and other food processing industries because blue is a detectable colour.

If glove particles contaminate a product, it’s easy to identify because the colour is not generally found in foods. By assigning colours to each step it becomes easier to determine if a glove has been misplaced or if someone is working in the incorrect area. This level of traceability can translate to the prevention of costly recalls and deadly illnesses.

Other Color Choices

Black is a popular choice with mechanical, industrial, automotive, and various trades because it hides dirt, grease, and grip to help maintain a professional look. Tattoo artists also prefer black because it hides ink stains or blood and keeps their clients from worrying when they look down.

How to Remove Disposable Gloves

Disposable gloves in most industries are used as a barrier between your skin and possibly harmful substances. That’s why they are single-use items. They can be used, removed, and thrown away without contamination. But the way that you take off your gloves plays a big part in avoiding the contamination to spread. You should put your gloves on carefully so that the material does not stretch too much. This can cause small tears that leave your skin vulnerable.

But taking your gloves off – also called ‘doffing’ – is a crucial part of keeping you safe. Practice doffing disposable gloves that aren’t contaminated. So that, if it takes a few tries to get it right, you won’t have to worry about what your bare skin may have come into contact with.

  1. Pinch the outside of the glove about an inch or two down from the top edge inside the wrist.

  2. Peel downwards, away from the wrist, turning the glove inside out

  3. Pull the glove away until it’s removed from the hand. Hold the inside-out glove with the gloved hand.

  4. With your gloveless hand, slide your fingers under the wrist of the glove, do not touch the outside surface of the glove.

  5. Repeat step 3. Peel downwards, away from the wrist, turning the glove inside out.

  6. Continue pulling the glove down and over the first glove. This ensures that both gloves are inside out, one glove enveloped inside the other, with no contaminants on the bare hands.

  7. Dispose of the gloves in a proper bin– this may differ depending on company policies.

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